Technically Impossible

Lets look at the weak link in your statement. Anything "Technically Impossible" basically means we haven't figured out how yet.

MID (MaXX Interactive Desktop) v2.1.1 on WSL2 + Ubuntu 20.04 LTS

The new post introduces refined installation process with minimum packages. Without special reason, refer the new post below.


IRIX is OS brought with SGI (Silicon Graphics International) workstations in 90s. And MID (MaXX Interactive Desktop) is a project to reproduce its GUI on Linux.
As well as Gnome is executable on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS + WSL2, MID is also executable on it.

This article introduces step-by-step process to install MID v2.1.1 on Ubuntu running on WSL2.

  1. Install packages
  2. Download and install MID
  3. Write and execute scripts

Although installation procedure is introduced at the MID official web site below, the procedure introduced in this post adds a bit of work to it.


It is assumed that Ubuntu here has completed the procedure introduced in the previous post. It is

  • "ubuntu-desktop-minimal" is installed
  • Gnome desktop is available through X server running on Windows.

In advance of starting MID installation, recommend to complete the other process introduced at the article below.

Preparation - make 3 script files

Easy-to-follow installation process would be copy & paste commands introduced at the official web site as shell scripts, and run them in turn on Ubuntu. This process is separated into 3 steps below.

Step.1 - install required packages

apt install cpp libxaw7 libjpeg62 libgtk2.0-0 x11-apps freeglut3
apt install pavucontrol
apt install xfonts-100dpi xfonts-75dpi 
apt install fonts-dejavu fonts-noto
apt install libtinfo5

ln -s /usr/lib64/ /usr/lib64/

Although the official site introduces command below to install Asian fonts, it is intentionally removed here.

// Additional Fonts for Japanese support
apt install fonts-noto-cjk fonts-noto-cjk-extra fonts-noto-cjk

In case of Ubuntu on WSL, Windows can partially support Asian fonts. Points are

  • WSL runs on Windows, and it can refer Asian fonts on Windows.
  • Linux on WSL, and Windows can access files each others.
  • If supporting Asian language is really required, appropriate language pack should be installed on Ubuntu.

Even if Japanese fonts are not installed in Ubuntu, Ubuntu and MID can display Japanese as the next picture. This is the text editor on MID. Cut & paste Japanese text from Windows to it, it can handle Japanese appropriately.

If still Asian language support is required, example for Japanese, install "language-pack-ja" on Ubuntu separately from MID installation process. Required fonts are also installed together.

Step.2 - download and install MID

cd /tmp
chmod a+x

"" downloads the install script of MID from AWS, and executes it.
MID installation process is defined inside of this script, "".

Step.3 - set up user environment

cd $HOME

This script is for an user environment, and it must be executed by an user, NOT root.
To know its details, read "".

Run 3 scripts in turn

Remember next points before running scripts.

  • and must be run by root.
  • must be run by user.

Execution commands would be like this.


sudo chmod 777 step*.sh

sudo ./
sudo ./

Write script to run MID

To run MID with a single line simply, save required commands as a script file. Save next commands as "".

sudo service dbus restart
sudo service x11-common restart
. /opt/MaXX/etc/system.runtime
. /opt/MaXX/etc/skel/Xsession.dt

Remember to change its permission before execution.
Check X server is running, and run script. You will see MID below.

Commands and output

chmod 777


Some errors are reported when its launch. Ignoring errors about sound, better to check errors about fonts. Nonetheless, these errors don't bring to the use of MID at this moment.

Warning: Missing charsets in String to FontSet conversion


wsluser@paulownia:~$ ./
[sudo] password for wsluser:
 * Stopping system message bus dbus                                                                                                                                                                       [ OK ]
 * Starting system message bus dbus                                                                                                                                                                       [ OK ]
 * Setting up X socket directories...                                                                                                                                                                     [ OK ]
xset:  bad font path element (#0), possible causes are:
    Directory does not exist or has wrong permissions
    Directory missing fonts.dir
    Incorrect font server address or syntax
xsettingsd: Loaded 16 settings from /home/wsluser/.maxxdesktop/xsettingsd.conf
xsettingsd: Created window 0x80001 on screen 0 with timestamp 23800093
xsettingsd: Selection _XSETTINGS_S0 is owned by 0x0
xsettingsd: Took ownership of selection _XSETTINGS_S0
ALSA lib confmisc.c:767:(parse_card) cannot find card '0'
ALSA lib conf.c:4732:(_snd_config_evaluate) function snd_func_card_driver returned error: No such file or directory
ALSA lib confmisc.c:392:(snd_func_concat) error evaluating strings
ALSA lib conf.c:4732:(_snd_config_evaluate) function snd_func_concat returned error: No such file or directory
ALSA lib confmisc.c:1246:(snd_func_refer) error evaluating name
ALSA lib conf.c:4732:(_snd_config_evaluate) function snd_func_refer returned error: No such file or directory
ALSA lib conf.c:5220:(snd_config_expand) Evaluate error: No such file or directory
ALSA lib pcm.c:2642:(snd_pcm_open_noupdate) Unknown PCM default
aplay: main:830: audio open error: No such file or directory
Connection failure: Connection refused
pa_context_connect() failed: Connection refused
Warning: Missing charsets in String to FontSet conversion